Transport planning in nigeria kamlaraj enterprises. Transport policy deals with the development of a set of constructs and propositions that are established to achieve specific objectives relating to social, economic and environmental conditions, and the functioning and performance of the transport system. The contribution of transport to economic development. It is a prediction of usage demand in future travel and to ensure all the necessary facilities and. Performance indicators for urban transport development in nigeria. Introduction the total road network in nigeria is estimated at 200,000km and this represents the principal means for freight and passenger movements across the country1. By geographical size, population and its distribution, and a wide variety of. The impact of transportation infrastructure on nigerias. It explains the principles of public transport planning and management that are relevant and suitable for developing countries, addresses current transportation system inefficiencies, explores the.
In a study carried out in 1989, for example, about 7. Development planning in nigeria has suffered from lack of coordination and harmonization of programmespolicies both within the tenure of an administration and those succeeding it. The impact of transportation infrastructure on nigerias economic. Department of geography, university of lagos, akoka yaba, lagosnigeria. Thus, according to oyesiku 2004, transport policy forms the basis for the planning and direction of growth of the transport system and the extent to which the. Planning occurs at many levels, from daytoday decisions made by individuals and families, to complex decisions made by businesses and governments. Transport planning is defined as planning required in the operation, provision and management of facilities and services for the modes of transport to achieve safer, faster, comfortable, convenient, economical and environmentfriendly movement of people and goods. Journal of sustainable development in africa, 15 4. Methodology analytical approaches to estimating the effect of transportation investment on economic. Transportation planning is the process of defining future policies, goals, investments, and designs to prepare for future needs to move people and goods to destinations. Needs for transportation planning and management in nigeria 9 using geographic information system dr. Accessibilitybased planning offers a wider range of potential solutions to transport problems. Nigeria can not boast of a specific, wellformulated, clear regional development policy framework despite several specific urban planning, development and governance initiatives including passage.
Planning principles and practices victoria transport institute. Transport planning deals with the preparation and implementation of actions designed to. After nigeria gained independence in 1960 it engaged in a. This paper focuses on community land use and transport planning, but most principles described apply to any planning activity.
Ibietan, jide and ekhosuehi, oghator 20 trends in development planning in nigeria. Policy and strategy concerns in transport are wide and cover safety, efficiency, economic development, infrastructure, environment, energy, landuse, equity and access. The lecture discussed how nigeria s transportation development got to the present position, as that is, the journey so far. The development of transportation systems is embedded within the scale and context in which they take place.
An opening discussion 2014 papers a and b were prepared by professors caroline saunders and paul dalziel of the. In addition, experience show that this critical task which ought to draw input from critical sectors and be a bottomup process operates in the reverse. In conclusion, the state of road transportation in nigeria is a reflection of how far nigeria has come as a country. The basis of transport planning process has been depicted in figure 9. Accessibilitybased planning is preferred because access is the ultimate goal of most travel activity, excepting when mobility is an end in itself, such as jogging or cruising. Roletypes of theory planning knowledge action goals. Development can be defined as improving the welfare of a society through appropriate social, political and economic conditions.
Pdf development is crucial and essential to the sustenance and growth. Role of transportation in the economic development of nigeria by oguike, matthew. Ikeja is a typical example in the history of growth and development of cities in nigeria. Other models for planning include rational actor, transit oriented development, satisficing, incremental planning, organizational process, collaborative. In some cases, the appropriate spatial scale for the assessment will cross state boundaries, and especially in those cases, collaboration and cooperation among state agencies would be helpful. The comprehensive economic development strategy ceds process, required by the economic development administration eda to receive funds for capital investment, is an important planning tool used by local officials, employers, and community leaders to guide future actions. Based on this report, it is evident that vast areas of nigeria were opened up through various types of transport modes.
Rail transport and economic growth in nigeria 1970 2011. It is intended to provide the heinrich boll foundation, its partners and government representatives with the necessary data and insights about the relation between urban policies, urban interventions, the role of governance and the different actors. Understanding the impact of transportation on economic. The four main stages of the transportation planning process are. Evaluating accessibility for transportation planning victoria transport policy institute 2 executive summary accessibility refers to peoples overall ability to reach desired services and activities together called opportunities, and therefore the time and money that people and businesses must devote to transportation. Transport policy is an international refereed journal aimed at improving quality of transport policy and strategy analysis, designing and sharing innovative policy and management practices, and application bridging the gap between theory and practice in transport. Also, price elasticity of demand for transport is very high in nigeria s transport system. Strategies for sustainable urban and transport development in nigeria. Problems of nigeria development plan and possible solutions. After industrial revolution and rapid growth of urbanisation, development in the field of transport is enormous both in infrastructures, speed as well as in transport technology. When the word development comes to mind, you think of growth, change for the better, advancement, significant progress and such.
It is a pervasive human activity imbedded in futureoriented decision making. Georgakis faculty of science and engineering, university of wolverhampton, uk abstract developing countries are experiencing simultaneous growth of population, income and private vehicle ownership, which significantly affects urban. Linking goalsknowledge to action planning is a process, procedure, or method for setting goals, identifying and assessing option s, and developing strategies for achieving desired options. Economic development and this has determined the choice of my topic for todays inaugural lecture titled transportation. Economic development in nigeria, although has been rocked back and forth by various political, sociocultural, financial and infrastructural setbacks, the economic development of a country like nigeria cant be said to have totally been where it used to be, or to have back tracked as some people insinuate. Australian journal of business and management research vol. The leaders in urban transport planning lutp program helps participants develop a structured way of decision making that considers the complexities of urban transport. Public transport planning and management in developing. Publication date 1963 publisher kansas state university. If the country is going to move forward and experience growth in every aspect, then the problems of road transportation in nigeria must be taken seriously and tackled both by the government and the private sector. The program uses a hands on learning approach that makes extensive use of case studies, group exercises, and site visits to highlight the linkages among the different. The journal covers the entire transport sector including all modes. Transportation planning, or transport planning, has historically followed the rational planning model of defining goals and objectives, identifying problems, generating alternatives, evaluating alternatives, and developing plans.
Therefore, a vibrant, responsive, effective and efficient transport system will enhance nigerias economic, developmental and strategic roles in the global systemeconomy. Transportation planning transportation planning is a preparation planning to movetransfer human, animal or other item to some place to another place. The nature of transport policy the geography of transport. The study of development and planning is basically a study of interaction between man, land and activity in the form of spatial organisation of economy.
Also, price elasticity of demand for transport is very high in nigerias transport system. Performance indicators for urban transport development in. Public policy concerns like air quality, environmental resource consumption, social equity, land use, urban growth, economic development, safety, and security are. Development, planning, development planning, strategy. Planning refers to the process of deciding what to do and how to do it. Public transport planning and management in developing countries. The possibility of measuring the effects of road infrastructure planning and investments by using predefined economic development objectives that can be measured over time is an. In this post, we will look at the problems of nigeria development plan and possible solutions.
Role of transportation in the economic development of nigeria. This planning will related to the operation of the highway system, geometry, and operation of traffic facilities 2. It is a prediction of usage demand in future travel and to ensure all. Transportation and economic development the geography of.
Another area of lack of coordination is the inherent conflict between planning policy and national economic policy. Nigeria can not boast of a specific, wellformulated, clear regional development policy framework despite several specific urban planning, development and. Its subject areas reflect the concerns of policymakers in government, management. On the basis of its investigations and deliberations, the committee reached the following conclusions and recommendations. As practiced today, it is a collaborative process that incorporates the input of many stakeholders including various government agencies, the public and private businesses. Transport systems are closely related to socioeconomic changes. National level strategy for infrastructure development in. Overview of rail transport and economic growth in nigeria figure 1.
Concept and meaning of transport transport or transportation is the movement of people. Fourth, it tries to examine the impact of transportation on nigerias national development from three perspectives viz. A look at the national development plans of nigeria from 19751985 and other rural development. International journal of geography and regional planning research vol.
More attention should be devoted to predicting, planning, monitoring, and assessing the cumulative impacts of roads. Building sustainable policy framework for transport. Department of geography and regional planning, olabisi onabanjo university, p. Comprehensive transport planning provides a foundation for more integrated transport services, fares and ticketing, user information, infrastructure provision and management, institutions transport and public transit agencies, transport and land use planning, and other public policies such as road, parking and fuel pricing preston 2012. Most road projects today involve modifications to existing roadways, and the planning, operation, and maintenance of such projects often are opportunities for improving ecological conditions. Performance indicators for urban transport development in nigeria j. Role of transportation planning in the comprehensive. The more efficient the transportation network is, the lower the. It is for this reason that transport has been accorded high priority in the country and the federal ministry of transport is charged with the. The hdi of subsaharan africa as a region increased from 0. Figure 1 above shows the performance of rail transport and economic growth in nigeria for the period. Regional planning and development in nigeria, now in our hands, is a logical and praiseworthy testimony of the development on the foundation laid at the 2010 mcpdp.
The impact of road transportation infrastructure on. Pdf transportation planning nigeria barnabas ekpudjureni. The primary aim of transport planning is the identification and evaluation of the future transport needs. Performance of rail transport and economic growth in nigeria 19702011. The impact of road transportation infrastructure on tourism. The lagos state transport sector a few statistics illustrate the tremendous pressure public transportation is experiencing. Its subject areas reflect the concerns of policymakers in government, management strategists in industry, and the public at.
In addition to the brt infrastructure, the project financed the rehabilitation and. The need for research, transportation planning and adequate collection of data for these purposes were emphasized. Transport implications of future options for the new zealand economy. The city became capital of lagos state in 1976 with improved road networks. This article is useful for policy makers, public office holders and researchers. The evolution of the modern transport system in nigeria began during the colonial period. The issue of getting practitioners involved will be discussed in more detail later. Priority plan for infrastructure development major planning matterspriority objectives regarding the implementation of the infrastructure development projects during the period for the planoverview of the infrastructure development projects that should be implemented in an intensive. Public transport planning and management in developing countries examines the status of urban transport in india and other developing countries. Transport costs on the feeder roads to the trunk road or the railway to the port often cost as much as between 55 and 60 percent of the receipts from these commodities.1161 129 795 829 84 1629 775 122 118 877 873 1295 261 1318 1652 1340 470 1561 539 776 686 692 761 288 1256 1512 1319 95 311 548 1534 929 442 527 1096 170 724 181 325 1364 817 854 321 1347 617